Crimson Queen Japanese Maple Tree

Crimson Queen Japanese Maple, How to Grow and Care

Crimson Queen Japanese Maple, also known as Acer palmatum dissectum ‘Crimson Queen,’ is a stunning and popular cultivar known for its delicate, lacy foliage and vibrant red color.

Crimson Queen Japanese maple trees are grown in warm or slightly cool climates. The tree will showcase its bright red foliage throughout the growing season. It’s smaller than other Japanese maple trees, growing just to around 10 feet tall with a wide spread of foliage.


In addition to their lovely foliage, Japanese maple trees are often utilized for landscaping because they are smaller than other maples. The typical tree is about 10 feet tall, compared to other maples that can be up to 100 feet. The Crimson Queen may fit into smaller places than other varieties of maple trees. Moreover, the Crimson Queen is one of those rare plants that can be grown beneath black walnuts.



Crimson Queen is a small, slow-growing tree with a weeping, cascading habit. Its deeply dissected, finely serrated leaves emerge crimson-red in spring, turning to a deep burgundy in summer and bright scarlet in fall.



This cultivar is considered a dwarf tree as it grows 6 – 10 feet high, has a spread of 8 – 12 feet over many years, and is ideal for smaller gardens, containers, or as a focal point in a landscape.


Growing Conditions:

Crimson Queen Japanese Maple thrives in partially shaded areas with well-drained, moist, acidic soil. Protect it from strong winds and harsh sunlight, especially in hotter climates.


Care and Maintenance:

Regular watering is essential, especially during dry periods, to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Mulching can help retain moisture and regulate soil temperature. Pruning should be minimal, and done in late winter to early spring to maintain its graceful form.


Landscape Use:

Crimson Queen is frequently used as a focus point in gardens, a specimen tree on a lawn, or in Japanese-style gardens because of its small stature and gorgeous leaves. It also looks great in containers, giving patios and balconies a refined touch.


Cultivation and care of crimson queen Japanese maple


Cultivating and caring for Crimson Queen Maple involves providing ideal growing conditions, proper watering and fertilization, and occasional pruning. Here’s a guide to help you care for your Crimson Queen Japanese Maple:


Plant your Crimson Queen Japanese Maple in a location that receives partial shade to full sun. Avoid planting it in windy areas to protect its delicate foliage from damage.



Go for well-draining, acidic soil. You can add compost or use a plant fertilizer specifically for acid-loving plants if the pH of your soil is not high enough.



Keep the soil consistently moist, especially during the tree’s establishment period. However, ensure not to over water as this can lead to root rot. Mulching can help retain soil moisture.



Fertilize your Crimson Queen Maple in early spring with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer. Avoid fertilizers high in nitrogen, as they can promote rapid growth, which is not ideal for this slow-growing tree.



Prune your Crimson Queen Japanese Maple in late winter to early spring to remove dead, diseased, or crossing branches. You can also prune to shape the tree, but avoid heavy pruning, as this can stress the tree.



Protect your Crimson Queen Japanese Maple from extreme weather conditions like strong winds and hot, direct sunlight. Consider providing shade during the hot days, especially in warmer climates.


Insects and Illnesses

The Crimson Queen Japanese maple tree has common insects and illnesses that it is vulnerable to. Canker, anthracnose, and verticillium wilt are fungus infections common for this tree. Trim the area around the tree of dead stems and foliage, and apply fungicide. Insects likely to attack this maple tree are Japanese beetles, aphids, scales, and mites. Treat with a synthetic or organic insecticide like Neem oil to eliminate these pests.



Make plans to get your Japanese maple tree, Crimson Queen, ready for the winter. After midsummer, stop fertilizing the tree and prepare to water it extensively in the fall to strengthen its roots before the winter months arrive. Apply a thick four-inch layer of mulch around the tree trunk and root zone once it has soaked. Cover young trees in burlap to protect them.


If you live in a location that could see severe frost or freezing temperatures, you should move any containerized trees indoors, such as into a garage.



Crimson Queen Japanese maple trees need replanting regularly when grown in containers. Replant the tree when the roots press against the sides and bottom of the container—which occurs every two years or so. When replanting, prune the large roots to encourage the growth of the small, fibrous roots.



Varieties of crimson queen Japanese maple


“Crimson Queen” is a specific cultivar of Japanese maple (Acer palmatum dissectum) known for its lacy, deeply dissected leaves and cascading form. While there aren’t different varieties of “Crimson Queen,” many other cultivars of Japanese maples share similar characteristics, such as finely divided foliage and red coloring. Some popular cultivars similar to “Crimson Queen” include:


Garnet (Acer palmatum var. dissectum ‘Garnet’):

Similar to “Crimson Queen,” with deeply dissected leaves that emerge red and turn burgundy in summer.

Others include Red Dragon (Acer palmatum var. dissectum ‘Red Dragon’), Inaba Shidare (Acer palmatum var. dissectum ‘Inaba Shidare’), and Tamuke yama (Acer palmatum var. dissectum ‘Tamukeyama’).


These cultivars, along with “Crimson Queen,” are prized for their ornamental value and are commonly used as focal points in gardens or as container plants. Each variety has its unique characteristics, so you may want to choose based on the specific traits you prefer.



Problem and solutions of Crimson Queen Japanese maple


This tree is a relatively low-maintenance one but can encounter a few problems.


Leaf scorch:

When a tree is exposed to too much sun or wind, it develops leaf scorch. Plant your Crimson Queen in a partially shaded area, and keep the soil continuously hydrated to avoid leaf scorch.


Aphids and scale insects:

These pests can infest the tree, especially during the growing season. Use insecticidal soap or neem oil to control these pests. Pruning away heavily infested branches can also help.


Verticillium wilt:

This fungus can produce browning of the leaves, wilting, and dieback of the branches. Verticillium wilt has no known treatment, making prevention essential. Steer clear of planting Crimson Queen Japanese Maples in known fungal-infected soil.


Root rot:

Overirrigation or poorly draining soil can cause root rot. Ensure the soil drains properly, and water the tree only after the top inch of soil feels completely dry.


Poor growth or leaf color:

If your tree is not growing well or the leaves are pale, it might be necessary to apply fertilizer. Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early springtime to promote healthy growth.


Branch dieback:

Pests, illnesses, and environmental stressors are some of the causes of this. Prune dead or dying stems to prevent the spread of disease and promote new growth.


Winter damage:

In colder climates, the tree can suffer from frost damage. Protect the tree with burlap or a frost cloth during extreme cold snaps.



Benefits and drawbacks of crimson queen Japanese maple:




Aesthetic appeal:

Crimson Queen has beautiful, deeply lobed leaves that emerge crimson-red in spring, turning to a deep burgundy in summer and bright scarlet in fall. Its cascading, weeping form adds elegance and drama to any landscape.



Grows to 6 – 10 feet high and a spread of 8 – 12 feet over many years, this variety stays relatively modest. Small gardens, containers, or focal points in a landscape can all benefit from its modest size.


Low maintenance:

Crimson Queen is relatively low maintenance once established. It requires regular watering, especially during dry periods, and minimal pruning to maintain its shape.



Crimson Queen Japanese Maple can be used in various landscaping settings, including as a specimen tree, mixed border, or a Japanese-style garden. It also works well in containers, adding color and interest to patios or balconies.


  1. Sun and wind sensitivity:Crimson Queen is sensitive to full sun and strong winds, which can cause leaf scorch and damage its delicate foliage. It is best planted in a location with partial shade and protection from harsh winds.
  2.  Slow growth:While its slow growth rate is an advantage in terms of size, it can be a disadvantage for those looking for a quick-growing tree. It may take several years to reach its full size and maturity.
  3. Susceptibility to pests and diseases:Like other Japanese maples, Crimson Queen can be susceptible to aphids, scale insects, and verticillium wilt. Regular inspection and treatment may be necessary to prevent infestations and diseases.
  4. Limited seasonal interest:While Crimson Queen’s foliage provides stunning color throughout the growing season, it is primarily valued for its foliage and may not offer significant interest in other seasons.


Lifespan of crimson queen Japanese maple


The lifespan of a Crimson Queen Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum dissectum ‘Crimson Queen’) depends on various factors such as growing conditions, care, and environmental factors. However, Japanese maples are generally long-lived trees with the potential to live for several decades or even centuries under optimal conditions.


In ideal growing conditions and with proper care, Crimson Queen Japanese Maples can live for 50 years or more. Some well-maintained specimens have survived for over 100 years, particularly in regions where they are native or well-suited to the climate.


To maximize the lifespan of your Crimson Queen Japanese Maple, provide it with the right growing conditions, including well-drained soil, partial shade, adequate water, and protection from harsh weather conditions. Regular maintenance, like pruning dead or diseased branches, can also help promote the tree’s health and longevity.



The growth rate of Crimson Queen Japanese Maple


The growth rate of the Crimson Queen Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum dissectum ‘Crimson Queen’) is slow compared to other trees. It can grow between 6 and 12 inches annually if growth circumstances are ideal. However, growth rates can differ based on several variables, including soil type, environment, exposure to sunshine, and general upkeep.


Because of its slow growth rate, Crimson Queen Japanese Maple is well-suited for small gardens, containers, or landscapes where a compact, ornamental tree is desired. Its slow growth also contributes to its graceful, weeping form and enhances the longevity of the tree.


When planted as a young sapling, the Crimson Queen Japanese Maple will initially have a smaller size, and its growth rate may be slower during the first few years as it establishes its root system and acclimates to its environment. Once established, the tree will gradually increase in size and canopy spread, though it will continue to grow slowly throughout its lifespan.


While the slow growth rate may require some patience, it also allows for better control over the tree’s shape and size through pruning. Your Crimson Queen Japanese Maple will flourish and provide beauty to your landscape for many years to come if you give it the correct care and maintenance, which includes regular watering, fertilizer, and shelter from inclement weather.



Can Crimson Queen Japanese grow in a container?


Yes. Crimson Queen Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum dissectum ‘Crimson Queen’) can be grown in containers. Its slow growth rate, compact size, and ornamental foliage make it an excellent choice for container gardening. Here are some tips:


Container size:

Select a big container with ample room for the roots to spread and grow. A container with a diameter of at least 18 – 24 inches, is recommended to accommodate the root system. Make sure the container has openings for drainage to avoid flooding.


Potting mix:

Use a potting mix made specifically for container planting that drains effectively. Steer clear of thick soils that could hold onto too much water, causing root rot. Add some compost or peat moss to enhance soil structure and moisture retention.



Put the container in a location receiving partial shade to full sunshine, depending on your climate. Crimson Queen Japanese Maple favors partial shade in hot climates to protect its delicate foliage from scorching. Shelter the container from winds, which can damage the tree.



Plants grown in containers need more frequent watering as they can dry out more quickly. Keep the soil evenly moist but not flooded, and water whenever the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Mulching the surface of the soil can help retain moisture.



Fertilize your container-grown Crimson Queen Japanese Maple with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in springtime. Adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions. Avoid fertilizers with high nitrogen content as they may encourage excessive leaf growth at the expense of general health.



Consistent pruning may be required, to preserve the ideal shape and size of the tree in a container. Eliminate any decayed, broken, or interlocking branches, and lightly trim to encourage airflow and avoid crowding.



Uses of crimson queen Japanese maple


Specimen tree:

Crimson Queen Japanese Maple makes a beautiful focal point in a garden or landscape. Its elegant, cascading form and vibrant foliage create a striking visual impact, especially when planted against a backdrop of evergreen shrubs or a neutral-colored wall.


Container planting:

Crimson Queen Japanese Maple is ideal for container gardening because of its small size and slow growth rate. Placing it in a decorative container on a patio, balcony, or terrace adds color, texture, and interest to outdoor living spaces.


Accent plant:

Use Crimson Queen Japanese Maple as an accent plant to highlight specific areas of your garden or landscape design. Its rich, red foliage provides contrast against greenery or other plants with lighter-colored foliage.


Border or hedge:

Plant several Crimson Queen Japanese Maples in rows to create a low hedge or border along a walkway, driveway, or property line. The weeping form of this tree adds softness and texture to the landscape while defining boundaries.


Japanese-style garden:

Incorporate Crimson Queen Japanese Maple into a Japanese-style garden to enhance its authenticity and beauty. Its graceful form and delicate foliage complement traditional Japanese garden elements such as stone lanterns, bamboo fences, and water features.


Understory planting:

Plant Crimson Queen Japanese Maple beneath large trees or in shaded spots of the garden receiving filtered sunlight. Its adaptability for partial shade makes it an excellent option for adding hue and interest to understory plantings.



The naturally compact stature and exquisite foliage of the Crimson Queen Japanese Maple, make it a good choice for bonsai growth. With proper training and pruning, you can create a miniature version of this stunning tree to display indoors or outdoors.


How to propagate crimson queen Japanese maple


Numerous techniques, like grafting, softwood cuttings, and seed propagation, can be used to propagate the Crimson Queen Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum dissectum ‘Crimson Queen’). Here’s a guide on how to propagate Crimson Queen Japanese Maple using softwood cuttings:



The best time to take softwood cuttings is in late spring to early summer when the tree’s new growth is still soft and flexible.



Prepare a rooting medium by combining equal parts of perlite and peat moss or a commercial seed starting mix. Moisten the medium, but ensure it’s not too wet.


Cutting selection:

Select healthy, young shoots 4 to 6 inches long and have not yet become woody. Cut the shoots below a leaf node using sharp, clean pruning shears.


Preparation of cuttings:

Remove the lower leaves from the cuttings, leaving only a few leaves at the top. Dip the cut end of each cutting into rooting hormone powder to encourage root growth.



Sink the cuttings into the prepared rooting medium, burying them to about half their length. Put the pot in a humid, bright spot, away from direct sunlight, to prevent the cuttings from drying out.


Watering and care:

Ensure the rooting medium is continuously damp but not soggy. Irrigate the cuttings frequently, keeping them constantly humid. You can shield the pot with a plastic bag or dome to conserve moisture.



It may take several weeks for the cuttings to develop roots. Check for root development by gently tugging on the cuttings after a few weeks and transplant to individual pots with well-draining soil once roots have formed.


Hardening off:

Gradually acclimate the rooted cuttings to outdoor conditions by exposing them to increased sunlight and reducing humidity before transplanting them to help prevent transplant shock.


Hardiness zones of crimson queen Japanese maple


Suitable zones for growing Crimson Queen Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum dissectum ‘Crimson Queen’) are 5-8.


Here’s a breakdown of what these zones mean:

Zone 5: Minimum temperatures of -20 to -10°F (-29 to -23°C).

Zone 6: Minimum temperatures of -10 to 0°F (-23 to -18°C).

Zone 7: Minimum temperatures of 0 to 10°F (-18 to -12°C).

Zone 8: Minimum temperatures of 10 to 20°F (-12 to -7°C).



Where to purchase crimson queen Japanese maple tree


You can buy Crimson Queen Japanese Maple trees from local nurseries, garden centers, online retailers, and specialty tree nurseries.


How much is a crimson queen Japanese maple tree?


The cost of a Crimson Queen Japanese Maple tree (Acer palmatum dissectum ‘Crimson Queen’) depends on several factors, including the size of the tree, the nursery or retailer, and your location. Here are some general price ranges you might expect:


Small saplings (1 to 2 feet tall): Young trees cost between $20 to $50, depending on the nursery and variety.


Medium-sized trees (2 to 4 feet tall): These trees are more developed, and depending on the size and quality, they can cost between $50 to $100 or more.


Large specimens (4 feet or taller): These mature trees can cost upwards of $100 to $200 or more, depending on the size and age of the tree.


Prices may also vary depending on whether you purchase the tree from a local nursery, garden center, or online retailer. Additionally, factors such as the tree’s overall health, root system development, and any special features (such as unique foliage coloration) can also affect the price.





The Crimson Queen Japanese Maple is a lovely and graceful tree that can infuse any garden or landscape with a dash of style and color. It may be a gorgeous focus point with the correct maintenance.


The Crimson Queen Japanese Maple is ideal for landscape and gardening applications and offers year-round interest, beauty, and diversity. Whether used as a specimen tree, container plant, accent plant, or part of a larger garden design, it adds elegance and charm to any outdoor space.


Its advantages outweigh its disadvantages, making it ideal for gardeners and landscapers.

Identify trees with well-developed root systems, healthy foliage, and a strong central leader for purchase. If possible, pick a tree suited to your climate and growing conditions to ensure long-term health and success in your garden.


Shop around and compare prices from different sources to ensure a fair price for your Crimson Queen Japanese Maple tree.

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